A Research on Adaptation of Historic Urban Landscapes ; The Case of The Historical City of Tehran
01 Physical integrity of historic urban landscapes
Date of reception:
AUTHORS (*Main author)
* (Iran (Islamic Republic of))
Tehran Historical City Office
(Iran (Islamic Republic of))
Tehran Historical City Office
Nowadays the challenge between contemporary architecture and historic urban landscape is one of the controversial issues in cities with
historic background and it is doubtfully possible to reach equilibrium on this subject.
It shouldn't be forgotten that modern human has
his own needs and demands and as everyone know a city is like a living creature that needs to continue and survive. So it is not wise to
completely eliminate renovation in historic areas of the city, because we shouldn't obstruct the contemporary innovations and it's deserved
to respect the "new" which is continue of the "old", and by itself shows evolutionary process.
So, just having conservative viewpoint to
historical fabrics can end up destruction and even death of that.
This essay is seeking how the contemporary activities can be provided
in historic context and how "current life" can be present in historic urban landscape without detriment.
In response to this, the
experiences in Tehran historic city and different interventions in it have been considered.
Tehran which was no more than a village in
north of the district of Ray is now a metropolis with a population density of more than 13 million. Tehran was selected as the capital of Iran
in the late 18th century by Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar (the founder of the Qajar dynasty) and since then has been the political, cultural,
economical and commercial center of the country.
Tehran is also considered as an ancient city; the archeological investigations and
excavations in different parts of the city (Cheshme Ali, Qeytarieh, Kahrizak and etc.) demonstrate that the human settlement of this region
dates from Neolithic times, far back as 6000 BC.
Today, Tehran is full of memories presented through its historic urban landscapes.
With modernization and expansion of Tehran, the city is changing everyday to be modern. The important thing is how to create the harmony
between social-urban development and the historic context to reach sustainable development.
The historical - cultural structure of
Tehran includes natural, cultural and historical heritage which faced development and modernism. To protect tangible and intangible
heritage of the city, especially its architectural and natural values, a supportive management system is needed.
The present study
deals with theoretical subjects, related to historic urban landscape, regeneration and adaptation. Also introduce Tehran's Historic Urban
Landscape through reviewing Tehran's historical, natural, social and urban changes and define the historical-cultural structure of Tehran.
Finally, this article mentions about the rehabilitation experiences in this structure (e.g. Mashgh square) and presents a proposal for
adaptation of the cultural landscape of the city through the regeneration of the area with consideration of the authenticity and integrity of the
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